FIBER OPTICS TRAINING FOR TECHNICIANS

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INTRODUCTION TO FIBER OPTICS TRAINING FOR TECHNICIANS

This first level of the fiber optic certification provides the essential practical and theoretical knowledge necessary to work in today’s diversified telecommunications industry. This program will provide the necessary underpinning knowledge of fiber optics but at the same time with emphasis on the core practical skills required of today’s technicians. After attending this course, technicians and participants will be competent to install, terminate, test and troubleshoot a wide range of optical fiber networks in both internal and external environments. (Reference: CFOT FOA guidelines)

COURSE OBJECTIVES

  1. Understand the principles of Fiber Optics
  2. Know the terms used in Fiber communications
  3. Know how to work safely with Fiber Optics
  4. Understand Fiber Optics Communications
  5. Know the Physical Fiber
  6. Learn all about Fiber Optics Modes
  7. Know well of all Cables and Connectors
  8. Able to understand Cable termination and Splicing
  9. Know Testing and OTDR
  10. Know Cable installation
  11. Able to do Fault Finding Fiber Cables
  12. Know Network Design
  13. Know Sub-sea Fiber Optic Network

WHO SHOULD ATTEND

Technicians, Engineers, Supervisors and Managers.

TRAINING METHODOLOGY

Participants will be involved in 70% lectures and 30% group and team discussions, exercises, video shows and case studies with lots of interaction.

COURSE OUTLINE: 2 DAYS

TRAINING DURATION
2 days (9am – 5pm)

COURSE CONTENT

Day 1 Sessions: 9.00am to 5.00pm
Pre Test
Session 1: Introduction to Fiber Optics

  1. Fiber optic technology overview
  2. Digital communications
  3. What is “fiber optics?”
  4. Structure of optical fiber
  5. How Fibre Optics carry light
  6. Light propagation through a fibre
  7. Conditions to achieve total internal reflection
  8. Different types of fibres and their properties
  9. Fiber coatings
  10. Optical fiber color coding
  11. General overview of optical fiber communication system
  12. Primary elements of optical fiber communication system
  13. Benefits of optical fiber communication system
  14. Working principle of optical fiber
  15. The reason for industry standards
  16. Safety working with fiber optics
  17. The necessity of cleanliness in working with fiber
  18. Jargon, the “language” of fiber optics
  19. Optical fiber communication system
  20. Advantage / Disadvantage of optical fiber
  21. Application of optical fiber
  22. Advantages
  23. Disadvantages

Session 2: Fiber Optic Communications Networks

  1. How fiber optics is used in telecom, datacom and CATV networks. CCTV, security, processcontrol, etc.
  2. How fiber optic communications links work.
  3. Characteristics of fiber optic sources and detectors.
  4. Fiber Optic Transmission Theory
    • The electromagnetic spectrum
    • Fiber optic transmitters
    • Fiber optic receivers
    • Optical power
    • Loss and attenuation
    • Refraction Total internal reflection
    • Optical reflection
    • Optical dispersion
    • Fiber tolerances
    • Bandwidth

Session 3: Fiber and Cable

  1. How fiber works
  2. Fiber types, designs, sizes
  3. Cable types & specifications
  4. Cable types and applications
  5. Choosing a cable appropriate for the application
  6. Handling cables, pulling.

Session 4: Hands-On Cable Preparation and Pulling

  1. Using selected videos explain cable installation hardware
  2. How cables are pulled and prepared for splicing and termination.

Session 5: Terminations & Splices

  1. Connector types
  2. Terminating, fusion and mechanical splices
  3. Installation tools.

Session 6: Hands-On Terminations (Video)

  1. How to install connectors on fiber optic cables
  2. Testing patch-cords

Day 2 Sessions: 9.00am to 5.00pm
Session 7. Hands-On Splicing (Video)

1. Splicing fiber optic cables with fusion and/or mechanical splices
2. Installing splices in splice closures
3. Splicing

    • Why do we need to splice?
    • The splicing sequence
    • Splicing considerations
    • Fiber cleaving
    • Common fiber optic cleavers
    • Fusion splicing
    • Ribbon splicing
    • Mechanical splicing
    • Pigtail splicing
    • Protecting a splice

4. Testing splices with OTDR

Session 8: Testing

  1. Fiber optic tests and procedures and standards
  2. Fiber optic test equipment types, specifications and applications
  3. Difference between insertion loss (OLTS) and backscatter (OTDR) tests
  4. Measurement uncertainty of each test
  5. Video presentation

Session 9: Hands-On Fiber Optic Testing & Troubleshooting (Video)

  1. Proper use of fiber optic test equipment
  2. Testing cables, connectors, splices and network equipment
  3. Troubleshooting and fault location
  4. Common failures and defects
  5. Reworks
  6. Repairing fibers

Session 10: Designing a Fiber Optic Cable Plant

  1. Procedures for designing fiber optic cable plants
  2. How to plan a fiber optic project
  3. The importance of documentation
  4. How to manage a fiber optic project
  5. Video presentation

Session 11: Designing a Fiber Optic Cable Plant

  1. Procedures for designing fiber optic cable plants
  2. Differences in different types of cable plants
  3. Options in network design
  4. Video presentation

Session 12: Installing a Fiber Optic Cable Plant

1. The process of installing a fiber optic cable plant
2. Planning for the install
3. Training requirements for installers
4. The installation process
5. What comes after the installation
6. Tools and Materials needed:

    • Safety Glasses
    • Miller Jacket stripper
    • Aramid Yarn Scissors
    • Needle Nose Pliers
    • Armored Cable Cutter
    • Large Jacket Slitter and Stripper
    • Fiber Optic Stripper
    • Utility Knife
    • Cable Pulling eye, tape

7. Test Equipment

    • Optical loss test sets
    • Optical time-domain reflectometers (OTDRs)
    • Fiber identifiers
    • Visual tracers
    • Visual inspection
    • Optical talk sets
    • Optical dispersion testers
    • Testing documentation

8. Employee training
9. Video presentation

Section 13: Safety

  1. Fiber optic safety best practices
  2. Visual safety using fiber optic sources
  3. Wavelengths and the eye
  4. Laser classifications
  5. Working with lasers
  6. Safety eyewear
  7. Working with optical fibers
  8. Personal protective equipment
  9. Chemicals
  10. Safety data sheets (SDS)
  11. The work area
  12. Installation practices

Section 14: Conclusion

  1. Training summary
  2. Training post test
  3. Training evaluation
  4. Q&A

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